A bathhouse or sauna is one of the most favorite pastimes of Russian people. Baths and saunas not only help you relax and perform hygiene procedures, but also heal your body. However, few people understand the difference between a bathhouse and a sauna. Public news service I found out what the differences are between a bathhouse and a sauna.
Humidity is the main indicator by which a bathhouse and a sauna differ. In a bathhouse the steam is warm and humid, while in a sauna it is dry and scalding. This is explained by the specifics of the furnace equipment. The humidity in the steam room is 60-90%, and in the sauna it is about 20%. The temperature in the bathhouse is on average kept at 80-90 degrees, and on the bottom shelf – no higher than 60 degrees, while for a sauna the optimal temperature starts at 100 degrees.
The stones in the steam room are located openly on the heating device. To increase steam, you can water them. In the sauna they usually place other types of electrical devices with stones on top, which can also be poured with water, but the steam will be hotter and heavier.
Due to the high humidity, the steam in the bath does not warm up sufficiently; it remains light, comfortable, and pleasant. In the sauna, the humidity is low, and therefore the steam warms up well to a very heavy, thick state. Such steam can be not only uncomfortable, but also dangerous, since it can cause burns or suffocation when inhaled. To avoid such cases, it is not recommended to frequently pour water over the stones in the sauna.
To equalize the pressure in all rooms in the sauna, it is necessary to install a high-quality ventilation system. Ventilation is not needed in the bathhouse, since it will interfere with the formation and spread of water vapor. Excess pressure is the essence of steaming in a bathhouse.
Often, a bathhouse is a wooden structure with two or three interior rooms: a dressing room, a washing room and a steam room. In Russian versions, the washing room can be combined with a steam room. The sauna often includes a swimming pool, and a regular shower is used as a washroom. There is no pool in the bathhouse, but a pond dug nearby can serve as a pool.
It’s hard to imagine a bathhouse without a broom. A wet broom in conditions of high humidity has a positive effect on the human body: improves blood circulation, cleanses pores, gives the skin firmness and elasticity. You should not use a broom in a sauna, since dry air will only spoil the product, and the vacationer will not achieve the desired effect.
Which is healthier?
Now let’s figure out which room can provide the greatest benefit – a steam room or a sauna.
A steam room is a room in a bathhouse where vacationers steam. It is recommended to spend no more than 15 minutes per session here, otherwise the likelihood of dehydration increases. The steam room has the following advantages:
- Due to the high humidity, the bath can relieve a person from nasal congestion. An enhanced effect can be achieved by mixing steam in a bath with eucalyptus oil. This procedure quickly dilates blood vessels and cleanses the nasal passage;
- in conditions of heat and high humidity, muscles relax, symptoms of stress and anxiety are eliminated, and fatigue is relieved;
- The bath improves blood circulation, which normalizes the functioning of internal organs and strengthens the immune system.
Be careful not to visit a public bath during the period of flu and ARVI.blockquote
A sauna is essentially the same steam room, but with dry air. You are allowed to stay here for a maximum of 20 minutes. The sauna is valued for the following advantages:
- the sauna dilates blood vessels and improves blood circulation;
- if we are talking about an infrared sauna, then it can relieve pain and relieve muscle stiffness due to arthritis or fibromyalgia;
- accelerates muscle recovery after hard physical work or training;
- You can stay in an infrared sauna for longer, up to 45 minutes, which means that the body is given more time for deep cleansing, rest and recovery.
From the point of view of health-improving activities, a bathhouse turns out to be more preferable than a traditional sauna. However, an infrared sauna is practically not inferior in its benefits to a Russian bath.
In terms of safety, the traditional sauna again loses, since its dry steam can burn the skin or cause suffocation in the respiratory tract. Whatever the choice between a sauna and a bathhouse, both of these places of relaxation are incompatible with alcohol. But you must place a personal towel on the shelves before visiting both the steam room and the sauna as part of hygiene. To avoid contracting a fungus, it is necessary to wear personal slippers both in the sauna and in the bathhouse.
What to choose
If the question is whether to build a sauna or a bathhouse, then you should be guided by the characteristics of the site. The following factors will help you make the right choice:
- the bathhouse is built as a separate building, that is, its organization requires a separate site and foundation with thermal insulation of the room;
- The sauna can be very compact, so it does not require much space. Sometimes it is built in a house or even an apartment;
- for a sauna, you can limit yourself to using a gas or electric heater as stove equipment. A sewerage connection is also required here;
- It is enough to build a bathhouse near a well or pond.
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